Solutions to the housing crisis

Ritchie Clapson CEng MIStructE, co-founder of propertyCEO, looks at how politics is compounding the ongoing housing crisis and how best to address this.

Related topics:  Property,  Government,  Housing Crisis,  Politics
Ritchie Clapson CEng MIStructE | propertyCEO
1st December 2023
Ritchie Clapson 456
"England’s biggest new town since Milton Keynes is Northstowe, near Cambridge. Here around 1,200 homes have been built out of a planned 10,000, although some six years after the first house was built, it still has no shop, pub, doctor’s surgery, or café. It does have a postbox"
- Ritchie Clapson - propertyCEO

I’m not entirely sure that age automatically conveys wisdom, but it certainly allows you to reflect more on things you see in the news.

Labour recently revealed its plans to tackle the country’s housing crisis; these include streamlining the planning system and building new towns. They’re ideas with merit, but I've heard this talk several times before, from politicians of every party, but the talk is rarely followed up by the walk.

In 2021 the Conservatives set themselves a 300,000 new houses target (to be built by the middle of the decade), but in 2022 the current Secretary of State responsible for housing, Michael Gove backtracked when confronted by a rebellion by Tory backbenchers.

Revolving door appointments

In the last ten years, there have been fourteen Ministers of State for Housing. At the time of writing, the current incumbent, Lee Rowley, has begun his second stint.

The first time round he lasted just 48 days – I’m sure you can guess who gave him the job. Is this kind of turnover really in the best interests of a nation in need of so many new homes? Does it make us feel that finding solutions to our housing issues is really being taken seriously?

The reason we’ve had a housing crisis for as long as most people can remember is that it seems impossible to solve without upsetting people. Most politicians are upset-people averse, so little gets achieved.

They don’t ignore the problem completely—they have plenty to say about the subject—but they don't actually change anything in a meaningful way because that would be sure to upset a section of the voting public (which batch of voters depends on the direction taken).

Add to this that it is the nature of the Opposition to find fault and their mission to portray the party in power as incompetents and/or villains, and when the next general election is never more than five years away, it requires a rarely seen boldness to push ahead with policies perceived to be unpopular.

We end up with a cynical plate-spinning exercise where success counts as reaching the next election with a wobbling but still intact platter.

Why is housing such a difficult nut to crack?

Let’s consider the scale of the problem. Both main political parties have been talking about the need to build 300,000 new homes each year. If that sounds like a lot, it is. The total number of homes in Oxfordshire is 275,000, and building a small county’s worth of homes each year is no small task.

And it’s not just the actual construction that we need to consider as these homes need to be where people want to live, and they need to have appropriate facilities and connections.

The New Towns Act 1946 reflected the need for post-war reconstruction but also acknowledged that simply adding to London’s sprawl wasn’t the answer. Instead, we saw a total of 27 new towns emerge, including the likes of Stevenage, Crawley, Bracknell, Hemel Hempstead, Peterlee, and Runcorn. Milton Keynes was one of the later creations and went on to become the largest with some 117,000 households today.

England’s biggest new town since Milton Keynes is Northstowe, near Cambridge. Here around 1,200 homes have been built out of a planned 10,000, although some six years after the first house was built, it still has no shop, pub, doctor’s surgery, or café. It does have a post box.

Despite its growing pains, Northstowe serves to underline the scale of the challenge. The village/town is on a 20-year journey to reach its 10,000th home, yet we need the equivalent of 30 Northstowes to be built every year if we’re to meet the housing target. And that’s no mean feat, even if you had lots of places to put them all; places where nobody minds you building a new town.

The simple truth is that everyone would quite like the housing crisis to be solved, but few are happy to have new houses built near them. We may like to think differently, but most of us are NIMBYs at heart, and as many local MPs will confirm, there will always be folk willing to get well and truly exercised if you try and build pretty much anything, anywhere.

Changing the game

The next general election can be no later than 25 working days after 17 December 2024 when parliament will be automatically dissolved. So, at some point between now and 28 January 2025, we will be asked to go to our polling stations. And in that time, we will hear a lot of talking from all parties about housing.

But will we hear anything different? Will someone from one side recognise that the other lot may have the beginnings of a good idea? Will there be any admission of common ground?

When you need to make difficult decisions, particularly when you risk alienating some of the voting population, then party politics usually gets in the way. Politicians’ thoughts turn to the polling booth rather than solving the problem at hand.

This is because the biggest issue with the housing crisis is that it can’t be solved within a single parliamentary term. Five years simply isn't long enough; it will have to be a 10-20 year plan, minimum.

In my view, there is a relatively simple solution. Take housing out of the political agenda and establish a cross-party group that will be responsible for recommending a solution and then implementing it. In this way, the housing agenda is removed from the short-term party politicking that has seen so little progress and instead becomes a long-term solution that all parties have signed up to, with an agreement that the implementation does not get derailed, irrespective of any change of government.

There will always be some members of the public ready to be outraged no matter what is proposed. It won’t be easy to get everyone on board and work out the terms of engagement. But no significant change has come easily.

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