A review of BTL market conditions in 2016

A review of BTL market conditions in 2016

Stephen Johnson, deputy CEO & managing director of property finance at Shawbrook, takes a look back on a unique year.

There have been some significant developments across the year - the shift in interest rates, the falling pound and the changes in the BTL market, including more recently the PRA announcement on underwriting standards in BTL.

Looking to the end of 2016 and beyond, it is clear that investors, brokers and lender communities now face a series of challenges and it will be interesting to see if the new Chancellor addresses these issues in the Autumn Statement.

The professional investor community has benefitted from the changes to interest rates; however the shift presents challenges for high street banks, which rely heavily on interest rates as a future revenue driver. The cut in the rate could lead to banks having to look to save elsewhere, which could in turn leave customers subject to the knock-on effects of cost-cutting. The challenges could work in brokers’ favour and result in those dissatisfied customers looking for expert advice from the broker market.

In 2016 the BTL market has been hard to analyse, mainly due to investors searching to secure properties ahead of the stamp duty changes earlier in the year, followed by a quieter Q2. Last year was successful, exceeding many commentators’ expectations with £37.5bn in BTL lending and at this point during 2015, around £31bn – so it will be interesting to see how the total lending figures for the year compare as Q4 of 2016 plays out.


It could be argued that Brexit, although having contributed to negativity, is perhaps the least impactful of the major changes throughout the year. Yield is likely to be the binding constraint moving forward and following the PRA supervisory statement aspiring landlords are going to have to get used to increasing their own level of investment. We also have a new government, and there is potential for a significant shift in policy and tone as we are already seeing. The Autumn Statement will be eagerly awaited to see if there is any softening towards the Private Rental Sector.

There are various positives when looking at this space – on a relative basis, yields look to be more attractive than they did before the change in interest rate expectations. Long term investors will, generally speaking, carry on seeing property values grow.  There is a current 64% owner occupier rate in housing – the same level as in 1986. This lends weight to the projected lowering of home ownership levels and the importance of the Private Rental Sector in UK housing provision.

With regard to the recent PRA supervisory statement, this was broadly in line with the draft consultation, although there is now an end of year deadline for implementation of the key Interest Cover Ratio (ICR) changes. As we commented earlier in the spring, the market will implement different ICR requirements for limited companies and individuals where the former will be able to gear more highly. Ultimately, the landlord community will need to adjust to lower levels of available debt, and will therefore require more equity, or have to grow at a slower pace than was previously possible.

We are also likely to see a potential shift in investor strategy to higher yielding properties, (flats, multi-units, HMOs, mixed use schemes etc.), as well as looking to different regions where higher yields exist. However, this may mean more collateral risk for investors or lower capital appreciation potential in the longer term.

Another key takeaway is the definition of a portfolio landlord when they reach four properties. At this level a “specialist underwriting approach” is required which will ultimately mean a more manual and bespoke assessment. Landlords will see some disruption among existing lenders as they adapt to this requirement, although there is a longer runway for implementation than the ICR changes.

These changes will lead to an adjustment for investors, but the fundamentals of the Private Rental Sector (PRS) remain strong which will also be supported by further price competition as recent BoE liquidity filters through to customers. The rollercoaster is by no means over but after the initial post-Brexit low, the specialist lending and broker community has many reasons to look optimistically to the future. What can be said with some confidence is that Shawbrook retains a prudent appetite to lend into our various specialist segments of the property market. There will be opportunities and challenges and we look forward to supporting the intermediary market in adapting to the shifting landscape.

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brandonlee10
brandonlee10 24 Jul 2017

The financial ramifications of the triggering of Article 50, the starting gun for Britain's departure from the EU, are far from clear. Buyers will be most cautious in London, given that buying a home in...

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IrisJ.
IrisJ. 19 Jul 2017

Great advice, but may I also add that when buying an already built home, make sure you do all of the proper inspections. Most importantly pest inspection because people tend to get surprised when they

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IrisJ.
IrisJ. 17 Jul 2017

The third point is, in my opinion, the most important one. People have become too inconsiderate and careless when it comes to rented properties. If a landlord wants to protect their property, regular visits...

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cornishalan
cornishalan 10 Jul 2017

Added to the cost of purchasing these village properties are the above average maintenance costs. Particularly where the property is a listed building or requires specialist building skills such as thatching...

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Jo Mullett
Jo Mullett 07 Jul 2017

Here in Swansea, known as the Japanese knotweed capital of the UK, it never fails to amazes me that people have no idea of the potential problems this invasive non-native plant can cause when buying or...

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NathanG
NathanG 05 Jul 2017

McDonalds, for example, have been purchasing their real estate on prime locations for years. If something happens to the company they'll have invaluable assets that will be able to save them. We might

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Jonah
Jonah 04 Jul 2017

Graham: surprised to see you cite the "extra tax liability" as capping out at ?560. It doesn't - the extra tax is exponential, as it is levied on the income (i.e the inflating level of rental income you...

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Dianne Griffen
Dianne Griffen 29 Jun 2017

Be very wary of anyone bringing you deals that they have ?found? and want to ?sell on to you? or ?joint venture? with you on ? you need a proper legal contract for this, involve a RICs surveyor to confirm...

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jason hadzikostas
jason hadzikostas 28 Jun 2017

The most important thing is a budget. Students have to manage their spendings in food, house maintenance, books and many other things. According to me, student Studios are the perfect option for them as...

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SecomTech
SecomTech 22 Jun 2017

AT Last...This was discussed years ago and there was a move towards landlords registering their bad tenants on a database..(can't remember where) It seems a logical step though our leaders will probably...

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Bertrand
Bertrand 02 Jun 2017

How about the Welsh Govt introducing a scheme to protect landlords against "rogue" tenants who are then taken to court for criminal damage to the properties they trash. Pretty unlikely I suspect and politically...

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AmberMorris
AmberMorris 25 May 2017

"Please don't pick a novelty tune-playing doorbell. They're not 'fun'. They're stupid." Laughed a lot to this. It's actually true, though.

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